A product of the Flexible Nuclear Campaign for Nuclear-Renewables Integration (FNC), a
campaign of the Nuclear Innovation: Clean Energy Future (NICE Future) initiative under the
Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM), coordinated by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory
(NREL) in its capacity as the NICE Future operating agent.
This roadmap defines potential industrial scale integrated energy systems (IES) and identifies key technology gaps to achieving commercial deployment of such systems. IES under consideration could include multiple energy generation resources and energy use paths, with a focus on low-emission technologies, such as nuclear and renewable generators.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration projects that renewables will supply nearly half of the world’s electricity by 2050. As higher penetrations of renewables (primarily wind and solar) are connected to the grid, traditional base load energy sources, like nuclear energy, will need to operate more flexibility to produce heat and electricity as needed.
The workshop identified how modeling and analysis can be used for energy system design, optimization, and planning to help identify opportunities to enhance the performance and potential of current and future energy systems, with a specific focus on integrated, hybrid energy systems. Comprehensive understanding of these systems requires models at different scales (from market to grid to process system to energy device).
National Laboratory (INL), the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), and the
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)—take a fresh look at their portfolios for gaps
and coordination opportunities.
This report quantifies greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the industrial sector and identifies opportunities for non-GHG-emitting thermal energy sources to replace the most significant GHG-emitting U.S. industries based on targeted, process-level analysis of industrial heat requirements. The intent is to provide a basis for projecting opportunities for clean energy use.